How to think about the research of contemplative science
Title: Conceptual and methodological issues in research on mindfulness and meditation.
Authors: Davidson, Richard J.; Kaszniak, Alfred W.
Summary: Notwithstanding over 45 years of research into meditation there are growing concerns about conceptual and methodological challenges in this field. There are both similar and different issues facing meditation and mindfulness but three particular questions this paper discusses are:
- How can the first person experience be understood and studied in contemplative science?
- Is there a reliable and consistent understanding of terms within meditation and mindfulness research?
- What tools can be used to overcome conceptual and methodological challenges to gathering and interpreting data?
Perspective: Cognitive psychology, social psychology
Mindfulness and time perception – a cognitive study
Author: Robin S.S. Kramer, Ulrich W. Weger, Dinkar Sharma
Title: The effect of mindfulness meditation on time perception
Summary: Research based on the hypothesis that because mindfulness meditation focuses on living in the moment, practitioners’ perception of time would be changed compared to a control group. In a within-subject design experiment, participants carried out temporal bisection tasks. Results indicated that the perception of time duration of the experimental group was altered via attentional processes.
Perspective: Cognitive psychology, neuroscience
Loving kindness meditation
Authors: Hutcherson CA, Seppala EM, Gross JJ.
Title: Loving-kindness meditation increases social connectedness
Summary: This research examines the relationship between social connectedness and meditation. It discusses whether social connectedness could be created toward strangers in a controlled laboratory context. The findings imply that even brief exposure to loving kindness meditation (LKM) may offer some relief from the experience from social isolation.
Perspective: Social cognitive, neuroscience